• All governments lie, but disaster lies in wait for countries whose officials smoke the same hashish they give out.

  • I.F. Stone

maandag 30 mei 2016

Hillary Clinton

Can Hillary Clinton Renounce Henry Kissinger? 

Posted on May 29, 2016
By Barbara Myers


   Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger is one of Clinton’s mentors. (Gero Breloer / AP)

Author’s disclosure: I support Bernie Sanders as the only presidential candidate prepared to forge a new foreign affairs paradigm. I propose that California’s June 7 primary offers voters a chance to cast a vote for peace. Here’s why.

In one of the defining moments in this year’s long contest for the Democratic nomination, Hillary Clinton cited admiration of Henry Kissinger, one of her predecessors as secretary of state, renowned for opening relations with communist China and for his Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the end of the Vietnam War.
Bernie Sanders seized on the other side of Kissinger’s reputation in his retort. The man Clinton claimed as a mentor and friend, he said, was one of the most destructive secretaries of state in modern history, whose actions in Cambodia created the preconditions for the genocide of 3 million people. Kissinger would be no friend or adviser of his.

The left-leaning press pounced on the story the next day, resurrecting old war crimes charges against President Richard Nixon’s national security adviser and secretary of state, the architect of the invasion and secret bombing of Cambodia and of a coup that toppled the democratically elected president of Chile, and a number of other alleged crimes worldwide. In contrast, The New York Times addressed the debate moment with dueling opinion pieces, implying that the jury is still out on Kissinger. 
On May 9, the Obama administration weighed in, granting Kissinger a Distinguished Public Service Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Department of Defense, praising him for his diplomatic accomplishments: détente with the Soviet Union, the opening of relations with China, his continuing advice to secretaries of state (including Clinton and John Kerry), and the 1973 Vietnam Paris Peace Accord.
The lone Nixon-era administrator to emerge unscathed by Watergate has been fully rehabilitated. At 92, Kissinger has continued to be a counsel to presidents, his expertise courted by the political leadership of both parties and the mainstream media. Clinton called him a leader in the struggle for a “liberal international order” in her Washington Post review of his 2014 book, “World Order.” On May 18, he met with presumptive Republican nominee Donald Trump. With all this adulation from the center and the right, critical inquiry on the matter of his war crimes culpability has been relegated to the left-leaning media. Are war crimes charges just the ravings of the radical left?
A little history can provide some perspective on these developments.
Accusations of U.S. war crimes once had a mainstream voice. “Should We have War Crimes Trials?” headlined The New York Times Book Review coverage by Neil Sheehan on March 28, 1971. It was an explosive body of then-current literature charging U.S. complicity in war crimes—25 works in all.

Click here to read Truthdig’s 2016 election coverage

Sheehan concluded that even if only a fraction of questionable U.S. conduct in Vietnam was considered, and that if the laws of war were applied to that conduct, war crimes charges were merited. His bibliography represented, he said, “the beginnings of what promises to be a long and painful inquest,” an inquest that never occurred. 
A focus on just one U.S. military tactic that Sheehan noted illustrates America’s moral and legal quagmire in Vietnam: the unrestricted air and artillery bombardments of peasant hamlets with the strategic aim of emptying the countryside and depriving the guerrillas of their popular base. Other tactics included crop destruction, Zippo raids on villages, and the torture and murder of captive soldiers. 
The crucial legal question posed here: Were these wanton disparate acts that our political leadership could not control? Or were they part of a systematic practice “cloaked with official authority” and subject to international law? 

The Nuremberg Test

One of the authors on Sheehan’s list who offered a non-radical voice to the chorus calling for inquiry into U.S. war crimes was Telford Taylor. A brigadier general who had served in Army Intelligence during the war, Taylor had been chief counsel at Nuremberg. He also collaborated on writing the Nuremberg trial rules. 
In the book “Nuremberg and Vietnam, an American Tragedy,” Taylor questioned whether the sending of hundreds of thousands of troops into South Vietnam, the invasion of Cambodia and the bombing of the north were crimes of aggression, akin to Nazi and Japanese aggression during World War II. And he considered where the ultimate responsibility for the My Lai massacre and similar atrocities rested.
In Taylor’s telling, the modern definition of war crimes bears the stamp of American leadership. Abraham Lincoln was the first world leader to widely disseminate a print version of the centuries-old rules of war. And it was Americans who led the Nuremberg effort with 30 judges, including a Supreme Court justice recruited by President Harry Truman, charged with prosecution of war crimes in a world court. Gen. Douglas MacArthur established the Tokyo trials and chose the presiding judges there. 
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